Our mother tongue is not English. It may be a local dialect, a language or a dialect specific to a community, a state language, or a national language. Naturally it is difficult to understand the nuances of various subjects taught in school and college and this hinders success at examinations and higher levels. Shaheen an academic institution in Bidar is both an innovation and revelation in this regard. The school takes the trouble to explain the subjects to its students in Urdu, their mother tongue and the results are there for all to see. Syed Sujeel Ahmed (Twitter: @sujeelahmed) has more.
In a narrow alleyway, opposite the 15th-century edifice of Madrasa-e-Mahmud Gawan in GoleKhana area of Bidar town in north Karnataka stands its imposing replica known as Shaheen School. What separates Shaheen from a contemporary run-of-the-mill English language school? Founded on the theory of schooling in the mother tongue for educational quality, Shaheen is an Urdu medium school that has turned more than 900 students, mostly Urdu-speaking, into medical doctors in the last 15 years. Students from here have been consistently bagging government medical seats in the state since 2008.
In PUC (pre-university college or 10+2) too concepts of Physics and Chemistry are predominantly explained in Urdu. In the academic year 2016-17, a staggering 201 students bagged medical seats in Bidar. Of the total, seven students (five girls and two boys) had done their schooling in Urdu medium. Similarly, in the academic years 2014-15 and 2015-16, eleven students each from Urdu-medium grabbed MBBS seats. Of these, 17 were girls and five boys.
Urdu is not a language of choice for schooling even among the Urdu-speaking masses. Evident from Shaheen’s experience, most students from Urdu-medium schools are from underprivileged Muslim families.
AzeemQureshi’s family is an example. They belong to the butcher (Qureshi) community of Bidar. His three daughters — Ishrat Fatima, Naziya Sultana and Mehreen Fatima — are alumni of Shaheen who ended up securing MBBS seats. Ishrat Fatima is now MS in Obstetrics and Gynecology and Naziya Fatima is doing her MD Pathology. Another example is of 22-year-old Mohammed Farooq, whose mother works in a plastic bottle recycling plant in HumnabadTaluk of Bidar and shoulders the responsibility of running the home. Farooq is now doing his internship in Bidar Institute of Medical Sciences. In 2013, Shaheen was given the Rajyotsava award by the Karnataka government. The records have impressed many in the state. ZohaArnib, who had completed her PUC from an institute in Bengaluru, trusted Shaheen enough to make special arrangements and take coaching here for over a month in 2013. “The interesting part of the coaching was lecturers explaining difficult concepts of Physics and Chemistry in Urdu”, she said. Zoha now interns with the Sridevi Hospital and Medical College in Tumkuru.
Is the school going too far?
Abdul Qadeer, 58, founded Shaheen School in a small room adjacent to his house way back in 1989. The school’s new campus, located on the outskirts of the city, is now spread over four acres of land with a residential hostel facility. A lean website and a toll-free telephone number are examples of how Qadeer is smart enough to utilize marketing channels to his advantage — uncommon to an institute run in a small town like Bidar.
With over 11,000 students studying in more than 30 Shaheen institutes across India, including UP, Bihar, Telangana and Maharashtra, Qadeer has turned the institute into a success. He isn’t shy to call himself an “academics entrepreneur”. For his service in the field of education Qadeer has received an honorary doctorate from the Gulbarga University.
However, for Abdul Qadeer, success has also come with bitter criticism from within the community. Many parents and close relatives of students are concerned about the gruelling classes for PUC students — most of which stretch for almost 12 hours. A group of students revealed to this reporter that there is also bias against the “slow-learners” and that the school follows a hierarchical system based on the learning abilities of students.
The students said the “fast learners” are categorised under groups called “Super 20, 30 and 40”, who get more attention as “they are most likely to grab government medical seats”. The group further added that these students are assigned competent lecturers to teach, whereas weak students aren’t.
Qadeer, however, was quick to dismiss these claims, and said, “I know that there are some institutes who follow this procedure, but at our institute we focus more on weak students.” He said studies at PU level are also combined with Yoga classes and Namaaz breaks, so as to reduce pressure on students.
Madrassa to mainstream
Because of Shaheen’s resounding ability to grab medical seats, the college has been attracting students from as far as Canada and the Middle East, apart from across India. The average strength of PUC students here over the last five years is has been between 1,800 to 2,000 per year.
Parents seeking a blend of temporal and spiritual education is another area that the school has tapped successfully. It offers a bridge course for Madrasa passouts to fill gaps and join the mainstream education system. The students are made to appear for 10th examinations and absorbed into the PUC.
Ishrath Fatima was one of the students from this course. A Hafiza (one who memorizes the entire Qur’an verbatim in Arabic), Ishrath moved to Shaheen and eventually went on to do her MS in Obstetrics and Gynecology. She now teaches in a medical college in Jalna district in Maharashtra. “After completing my Hifz, I enrolled in Shaheen with the intention of just passing matriculation as it was thought necessary to get married.”
She further adds, “I had no intentions of doing MBBS, but seeing my performance in school, Qadeersahab encouraged me to continue my education even after SSLC. Qadeersahab got the permission of PU college in 2002 and took a vow from me that I would get a medical seat for Shaheen. And Alhamdulillah (praise be to Allah), I succeeded.”
(Syed Sujeel Ahmed is a Bengaluru –based freelance writer and a member of 101Reporters.com, a pan-India network of grassroots reporters. First reported for Firstpost.com)